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Meriam Lama

Meriam Dalam Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Melayu Nusantara

Meriam Dalam Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Melayu Nusantara



Meriam pada zaman dahulu ialah senjata yang dikira paling hebat. Salah satu sebabnya ialah mampu buat serangan jarak jauh dan mengakibatkan kemusnahan yang besar.


siapa tahu pasal meriam lama, nama dan reka bentuk?

Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar

This cannon was made in 1623 by a Malay kingdom,Singora in what is now southern Thailand. The Siamese conquered Singora in 1687 and used this cannon against the Annamese and Burmese. In 1766 the Burmese overran the Siamese capital Ayuthiya and took the gun to Burma. It was deployed by the Burmese in their three wars against the British.
In 1887 the British defeated the Burmese and brought this cannon to London where it remains to this day.


http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v289/ironmalayan/Untitled-2.jpg

Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar
Large Calibre Malay Made Cannon

Roughly a century after firearms were invented by the Arabs, the Malays began making guns. Evidence of these activities were documented by W Linehan in his paper entitled Some Discoveries on the Tembeling. On the banks of the Tembeling river in peninsula Malaysia he found molds that were used to cast cannons in the 13th or 14th century.

According to the conqueror of Malacca,Alfonso d'Albuquerque, Malaccan gun foundries were as good as those in Germany; This could mean they were better than Portuguese ones but the most powerful guns in those days were made by the Ottoman Turks. When the Portuguese defeated Malacca, they found thousands of cannons including an extraordinarily large one which Alfonso sent to his Hindu ally the Zamorin of Calicut.

Guns produced by Malay kigdoms were of varied quality. The most powerful ones were no doubt made by the wealthiest sultanates. The best Malay cannons had no problem blasting the best European ships out of the water ; for instance the Dutch East Indies Company lost a battleship when they attacked Makassar in 1667 and another one in the 18th century when they attacked a Bugis stronghold in Bintan. Guns made by Makassar were of such high quality they were demanded by the Dutch as part of war reparation payments (even though the war was started by the Dutch).

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This cannon was made in 1623 by a Malay kingdom,Singora in what is now southern Thailand. The Siamese conquered Singora in 1687 and used this cannon against the Annamese and Burmese. In 1766 the Burmese overran the Siamese capital Ayuthiya and took the gun to Burma. It was deployed by the Burmese in their three wars against the British.
In 1887 the British defeated the Burmese and brought this cannon to London where it remains to this day.

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Another southern Thai Malay kingdom that made excellent guns was Pattani.In 1571 they completed the casting of two cannons measuring 22ft 7 in. These guns were instrumental in keeping Pattani victorious against numerous Siamese attacks
for over two hundred years. Pattani was finally defeated by Siam in 1786 and the biggest Pattani guns were taken to Bangkok.One of these cannons,named Seri Negeri fell into the sea while it was being shipped from Pattani.The other one,named Seri Patani is now on display at the Thai Ministry of Defense.
Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar


Meriam Lantaka ni agak popular bagi org melayu terutama tentera laut. Kekuatan tentera laut mengatasi semua kuasa tentera sultan dan negeri.Antara sebabnya ialah menggunakan meriam dari kapal yang mampu menyerang daratan dengan menggunakan meriam.




Lantaka a 18th century cast bronze SWIVEL-CANNON “Rail Gun” or “Deck Cannon” solid bronze beautiful details measuring approximately 36 inches long. These cannon were used by the legendary Malay pirates, with small cannon-balls it was a powerful offensive weapon. Lantakas were manufactured during the 17th and early 18th century in Holland by Dutch East India Company for export to Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. Later in the 18th century most of them were cast in Indonesia by Dutch colonists and also by local people. Since the bronze cannons were very expensive they become a symbol of wealth and a form of currency; in fact the more cannon a man owns the greater his wealth

Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar

letak 2 bijik dkat gate rumah best ni

saya pon teringin benar nak buat cam tu kalau dapat meriam 2 bijik.

hari raya senang tak payah buat meriam buluh.

Quote:
Originally posted by: senol

letak 2 bijik dkat gate rumah best ni

Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar

Belum sempat raya dah hilang tuan

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_piDr8VPCVeQ/TGAwnpMhQdI/AAAAAAAAAMo/3l6r53PahHo/s1600/0.jpg

saya tak pasti  orang yang main meriam buloh ni tau ke tak, mengapa ada tradisi main meriam buloh disesetengah tempat. Permainan ini sebenarnya untuk mengingatkan peperangan zaman dahulu dan jasa pejuang zaman dahulu menentang Belanda dan portugis.


Kalau mengikut cerita dari orang tua-tua, Permulaan bermain meriam untuk sambutan hari raya ialah semasa atas kapal perang,Di sebabkan tak dapat balik kampung beraya maka terpaksa sambut atas kapal perang jer dengan dimeriahkan dengan bunyi meriam(tak pasti dengan menggunakan perluru ke tak).boleh bunyi ker takde peluru kalau sekadar berlerang?

Permainan didarat pula selepas zaman perang untuk memberitahu bahawa penduduk kampung tersebut adalah diantara bekas askar yang pernah menentang belanda dan penjajah besar dulu.Jadi raya boleh datang sini cari kawan seperjuangan lama untuk lepas rindu jumpa kawan seperjuangan.

Sekarang pula bermain untuk mengenang jasa mereka dan mengimbas sejarah pengorbanan mereka melawan Belanda.

Tapi tak rase org yang mengajar main meriam ni cerita kat budak baru yang main meriam mengenai cerita ni sebab main meriam jer seronok dan belajar sejarah ni tak seronok.



contoh

TEMBAKAN TRADISI MALAM RAYA DI KUALA KANGSAR, PERAK




Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar

Quote:
Originally posted by: TokEngkuHitam

Belum sempat raya dah hilang tuan


agak2 kedai besi buruk terima kee kalo org datang jual meriam hehehehe

hehehehe nilai antik tu buat orang curi nanti, Tapi zaman sekarang ni asalkan ada harga semuanya diaorang sapu

kena ade lesen senjata ker kalau simpan meriam atau pemuras dan senjata api lama?

Melayu Sebagai Cara Hidup Dan Bukan Sekadar Warisan, kebudayaan, kesenian dan Sejarah

oleh Johan Iskandar

Memang meriam juga merupakan salah satu senjata warisan nusantara, cuma sesetengah orang kita menganggap ianya adalah senjata orang barat/penjajah...

Pernah juga diceritakan oleh arwah datuk saya mengenai sebuah meriam  berhampiran sebuah masjid di P. Pinang (jika tak silap Masjid Kapitan Keling..) di mana pd suatu ketika dulu meriam itu akan timbul ke permukaan laut pd setiap malam jumaat. Namun khabarnya atas kedengkian orang kafir, ianya telah dicemari dengan minyak b_bi menyebabkan ianya tidak lagi muncul selepas itu..

Manakala salah sebuah meriam di Masjid Jin (M Ubudiah) di Perak, dikatakan akan berbunyi apabila ada kerabat di raja yg hampir akan mangkat...

Wallahua'alam...

Quote:
Originally posted by: senol

Quote:
Originally posted by: TokEngkuHitam

Belum sempat raya dah hilang tuan


agak2 kedai besi buruk terima kee kalo org datang jual meriam hehehehe


BUKAN AJER TERIMA MALAH DI ALU2 KAN...KALO ADA YG BURUK2 SELENDANG PUN NAK BELI TP HARGA BESI BURUK LER.  BL JUAI BALIK HARGA BESI BARU. KEH KEH KEH..

''SESUNGGUHNYA SOLATKU,IBADATKU,HIDUPKU DAN MATIKU HANYALAH UNTUK ALLAH.''

Pandai, pandai SK ni

Quote:
Originally posted by: TokEngkuHitam

Pandai, pandai SK ni


NAK HIDUP TOK E,MESTILAH KENA PANDAI. HEHEHEE...

''SESUNGGUHNYA SOLATKU,IBADATKU,HIDUPKU DAN MATIKU HANYALAH UNTUK ALLAH.''
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